Re: Question regarding MMIO address space exposed from GetMemoryMap

Andrew Fish


Its a little confusing but gBS->GetMemoryMap () only returns information about DRAM and any address that requires a kernel virtual address mapping in EFI. The OS calls EFI Runtime Services from a kernel virtual mapping so the memory map is also involved in the hand shake to communicate the virtual address mappings to EFI. Thus any MMIO region in the EFI Memory Map should always have the EFI_MEMORY_RUNTIME attribute set. The most common MMIO region to be mapped is the NOR FLASH to support the EFI Runtime Variable services.

On a UEFI system MMIO regions are described to the OS via ACPI. Processing the ACPI tables requires an interpreter, and source to an interpreter is available at the ACPI CA site [1].

The PI (Platform Initialization) Spec has a concept called the Global Coherency Domain (GCD) [2]. The GCD is the map for who owns the CPU address and IO (x86 in/out instructions not MMIO) space. You can dump the GCD info via gDS->GetMemorySpaceMap(). The idea is the DRAM controller would carve out a EfiGcdMemoryTypeSystemMemory range, and the PCI Host Bridge would carve out a EfiGcdMemoryTypeMemoryMappedIo range, etc.

Note: A UEFI implementation is not required to be constructed out of PI Spec components, but the EDKII UEFI implementation is constructed using the PI Specification.

[2] Sorry I could not make up a better name at the time.


Andrew Fish

On Oct 31, 2019, at 1:32 AM, Jon Nettleton <jon@...> wrote:

I am working on sorting out a failure on test 605 of the SBSA test.
The test is "Where a memory access is to an unpopulated part of the
addressable memory space, accesses must be terminated in a manner that
is presented to the PE as either a precise Data Abort or that causes a
system error interrupt or an SPI or LPI interrupt to be delivered to
the GIC." The issue is that the random test address that was chosen
0x04200000 falls directly in the middle of the Qoriq configuration,
control, and status register (CCSR) address space. This is an area in
the memory space that provides CPU access to the device registers.

An entry is added for this region in the VirtualMemoryMap, and
registered with the attribute, ARM_MEMORY_REGION_ATTRIBUTE_DEVICE.
However only a handful of devices are being registered so only a
couple of ranges are showing up in memmap as MMIO.

The SBSA test in question gets the memorymap and starts at the address
mentioned above and looks for the first chunk of memory that is free
and then attempts to access the memory and is looking for a Data
Abort. Of course a data abort is not generated because 0x04200000 is
a valid address. If you offset this to 0x42000000 then a DA is
generated as expected and the test passes.

There is a very old thread started by Ard, "MMIO regions in
GetMemoryMap ()", in which he questions if all the MMIO regions should
be reported by GetMemoryMap() or only the ones being used by
initialized devices, which is what the current implementation does.
The end result of the thread was the current implementation is
correct. That leaves me with the question, "What is the proper
solution for the current implementation that I am working with?"

To me it seems like I need a special Library that on boot goes through
and claims and maps every valid MMIO slot in this region, and then
have the drivers use this library for proxying requests to
gDS->AddMemorySpace (), gDS->SetMemorySpaceAttributes () etc. If
there is a standardized way to deal with this configuration I would
much rather follow that.

Thanks for any input,

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